What should a person study to do exports and imports?

For those who do not know about import and export, it is important to learn where to start and where to import and what route to choose. Therefore, in this article, we will analyze the import-export study roadmap for those who want to do import-export business, students who do not have much chance for practice how to import and export. Hope that the content in this article will help you more confident when choosing the import-export - one of the industries are very promising.

We also provide online course about import export business what gives you compact overview, how to get started in export import business, you can read our blog, join courses and even take an personal mentoring.

All to help new entrepreneurs start their own export-import business

The ratio of people studying and doing in the field of import and export a lot, especially students in economics, language ... Usually with people who do not know about import and export will. There are 3 choices below:

Method 1: export-import learning at import-export training centers

Method 2: Practical training without salary at import-export enterprises

Method 3: Go to study with importers

In order to do this well, the learner must make a lot of effort, especially in the beginning. Besides, it is necessary to have a lot of experience on the instructor side, how to make the learners have the best way to avoid the mistakes and risks in the profession.

However for beginner, there are certain advantages. For example, when you do not know what you are doing, you will have a system of standardized and customizable knowledge. Practices based on export documentation are highly practical.

Undoubtedly, the completion of short-term practical import-export courses at the centers will help you gain a good knowledge base, be clearly oriented as well as be heard about the future of import and export. In other way, you can learn from online courses if you don’t have much time. A quick online course will provide you enough knowledge about what you need to learn.

Basically, an import / export specialist must be equipped with knowledge of the following areas:

1. Export-import procedures and policy

Policy on import and export: whether the goods are allowed to export or import? or conditional export or import? (quota quotas or licenses, specialized) or import-export ban? Which ministries manage the product lines?

Export process - how to import goods or services: standard steps for exporting or importing a batch of goods at border gates, outside border gates or on the spot.

2. Transportation

Freight forwarding

+ Purpose and operation

+ Vehicles, charges and surcharges

+ List of seaports and river ports

International freight forwarding

Vehicles, charges and surcharges.

+ List of seaports, ICDs, major airports of some countries

Incoterms: how to distribute responsibility, risk and cost to the seller / buyer of the transaction.

Forms of international transportation, costs and characteristics, pay attention

+ International transportation documents (SI, booking, BL, AWB, Manifest ...)

3. International payment

The methods and instruments of international payment are in use

Risk, benefits and attention when using payment methods

Understand some of the main international payment methods:

L / C: Letter of Credit

+ T / T: Telegraphic transfer

+ Collection (D / P, D / A) or CAD ...

In each mode, it is necessary to understand the classification, content, operation, cost, open-receive-payment process, how to check the content

Note: Maintain UCP 600, ISPB, URC

4. Contracts, transactions, negotiations

Sales Contract: the content, terms, form, attention when negotiating the contract

Know the business plan and cost for export goods, enter the shipment to negotiate the price

Know the most effective and successful transaction, negotiation and negotiation, which is most beneficial to the company, including offline transactions (emails, apps ..) and direct meetings.

This requirement with the export company is for Sales, and the import company will be responsible for Purchasing

5. Customs procedures

Firmly grasp customs policies, customs regulations (customs laws, circulars, decrees, decisions) of customs procedures for goods items of the company when it wants to export and import administrative sanctions. offices

Understand and know how to apply HS code, how to calculate import tax, customs value (especially for taxable goods).

Carry out clearance procedures at offices, border gates, airports (pay special attention to Ops staff-the field)

Using proficient in the types of companies in operation (export-import, temporary import-re-export, temporary export-re-import, processing, production, investment ...)

Understand basic accounting principles in accounting, tax refund

6. Import-export documents

Understand the requirements and costs of different types of documents while presenting customs clearance procedures for the goods exported and imported by the enterprise.

Understanding and knowing how to complete and complete the documents of import and export payment (Invoice, Packing list, B / L, C / O, Fumigation certificate, Phytosanitary certificate, Insurance certificate, Certificate of Health, Certificate of Health, C / Q, MSDS, C / A and other certs ... to strengthen the import and export docs, there are about 20 types of documents) depending on the method of payment.

Obtaining specialized licenses, announcement of technical regulation, CFS, registration, inspection, quality control, safety, labeling ... (usually for imported goods).

Docs and Ops staff work closely together to ensure the fastest, most cost-effective document delivery time possible.

In case you feel interested about starting Export business, then we encourage you to learn more about it. There are a lot you need to know first. Learn how to start exporting business, selecting right products, right target markets, finding buyers, marketing and much more below:

Successfully Start Import Export Business - All you need to know

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